Web Designer

Job Pressure
Academic Pressure
1-2 L
Early Salary
3-4 L
Mid Level Salary
8-9 L
Senior Salary

Web design, a relatively new discipline within the design field, is concerned with designing Web pages and sites. While Web designers usually need to possess general design skills, such as an understanding of drawing and a knack for creating aesthetically pleasing combinations of color and form, they also need to have an understanding of Web-specific design factors-screen resolution, image compression, usability, accessibility, and website architecture. Web designers are responsible for everything from designing a website's "look and feel" to incorporating features such as e-commerce, online community, search engine optimization, animations, interactive applications, and advertising hosting into the site-all while ensuring that the site's design is optimized for the specific technologies supporting it.

These careers require a combination of skill in visual design and proficiency with technology. Most Web designers are salaried employees (sometimes at advertising, marketing, or design agencies, or at Web consulting firms, which build and manage websites for client organizations), but there's a sizeable army of freelance Web designers out there.

What do they do?

A web designer develops and creates websites and associated applications. Web designers work in a variety of industries and often as independent contractors. Education requirements can vary, but web designers can get entry-level work with an associate's degree; bachelor's degrees provide students with an expanded and advanced skill set that can lead to better job prospects or career advancement.

Fundamentally, web designers develop the layout and the overall look of a website. They create graphic and media essentials using Photoshop, Flash and other media applications. Designers reflect on the aesthetic of the site by considering color and typography. They also ensure that a website is user-friendly and interactive. Working with clients and co-workers, their focus is on designing a site that promotes a company's business, branding and logo. Some web designers use Internet tools, social media and e-commerce in promotional campaigns for their sites.

Web designers are responsible for programming in HTML and CSS. Some may work with JavaScript. Other job duties may require elements of web developer experience, including a working knowledge of web browsers, multiple OS platforms and site maintenance.

Typical day in the life of a Web Designer

  • Writing and editing content
  • Designing webpage layout
  • Determining technical requirements
  • Updating websites
  • Creating back up files
  • Solving code problems

Pros about this career

  • High salary
  • Web developers can work in a variety of industries
  • Excellent employment prospects
  • Some jobs allow you to work from remote locations

Cons about this career

  • Possible long hours
  • Eye, neck or back strain from sitting for long periods
  • Continuing education is often required to keep up with advancing technology
  • Workers must be able to multitask and work on several projects at once

Skills needed

  • Proactive
  • Communicate effectively
  • Multitasking
  • Problem solving
  • Analytical 

How do I get there

Degree programs in web design and development are readily available at the associate's, bachelor's and master's degree levels. Some programs may offer concentration areas, like interface design, interactivity or back-end development.

Advanced classes may cover topics like client-server applications, mobile application development and cryptography. During web design degree programs, students may learn to use programs like Microsoft Office Suite, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Edge, Adobe Dreamweaver, Adobe AIR and Flash, as well as study various programming languages.